Interprofessional Education in Core Knowledge Based Areas of the European Dental Curriculum.
The WHO has emphasised the importance of interprofessional education (IPE) as it promotes effective collaboration between healthcare professionals and can lead to improved health outcomes (1) . In dentistry this takes place in a variety of formats. Several dental schools share elements of their curricula with related programmes in areas of overlapping core knowledge. Some schools deliver common early year biomedical science teaching with parallel medical programmes, and most schools involve medical colleagues in human disease teaching (2). These practices will become more prevalent as resource constraints mean that employment of dedicated biomedical science faculty becomes harder to justify. More recently, a few schools have developed common first year curricula with other oral healthcare professions (3). In addition, the WHO now positively advocate a shared, inter-professional approach in key areas such as training in antimicrobial resistance (4) and this is likely to be extended to other areas. Against this background, individual teachers have expressed concern about the absence of clear guidelines relating to the practice of IPE in dental curricula, with frustration about the lack of pointers as to the depth and breadth of the coverage required. This is particularly true amongst colleagues from non-dental backgrounds who are often given little or no guidance about the needs of dental students necessary to make their teaching timely and relevant, which, in turn, may lead to students feeling marginalised and disengaged (5).
This Special Interest Group (SIG) will survey the practice of IPE in dental programmes across Europe in order to identify key areas where it is practiced or where its development is being planned. It will identify problem areas and examples of good practice and use this information to prepare best practice guidelines to aid the development of IPE in these and other areas.
To survey and document the scope of IPE in Dental faculties across Europe
To identify areas of good practice in IPE in terms of shared curriculum planning, delivery and assessment
To generate a code of best practice to inform the delivery of IPE in core knowledge based areas shared between different professional groups
Framework for Action on Interprofessional Education & Collaborative Practice. WHO (2010)
Aitkin et al (2018) Human Disease/Clinical Medical Sciences in Dentistry: Current state and future directions of undergraduate teaching in the UK and Ireland. European Journal of Dental Education. V22(3). pp
Zahra et al (2018) The Benefits of Integrating Dental and Dental Therapy and Hygiene Students in Undergraduate Curricula. European Journal of Dental Education – accepted for publication 2018-09-03; McIlwaine et al (2019) A Novel, Integrated Curriculum for Dental Hygiene-Therapists and Dentists. British Dental Journal. V226(1). pp 67-72.
WHO Competency Framework for Healthworkers’ Education and Training on Antimicrobial Resistance. WHO (2018)
Ajjawi et al (2009) Marginalisation of Dental Students in a Shared Medical and Dental Education Programme. Medical Education. V43. pp238-245.